Germany pioneered the "green dot system". Whoever produces packaging is responsible for recycling.it is also necessary to increase the detection of whether the core materials in the composite board meet the standards according to international practice.
in Germany, the government will impose a mandatory deposit on anyone who purchases mineral water, beer and soft drinks packaged with non renewable materials from 2003. Customers can return the deposit only after they return the empty package to the original store after drinking the drink. This regulation makes this kind of goods less and less marketable, forcing the business owners who produce this kind of goods to find ways to become members of the packaging recycling organization DSD as soon as possible. DSD was founded in 1990 by 95 packaging industry, consumer and retail enterprises. At present, 16000 companies have joined, accounting for 90% of the packaging enterprises. Ms. Goble, a staff member of the organization, told that in 1991, Germany published the packaging law, which first used the form of law to restrict the production and operation of commodity packaging. The core principle of the regulation is: Whoever produces packaging should recycle packaging. On this basis, the DSD packaging organization promotes the "green dot system" of recycling packaging. The logo of "green dot system" is a circular yellow green pattern composed of green arrow and yellow arrow. The text above is composed of German "dergruenepunkt", which means "green dot". The double color arrow of the green dot indicates that the product packaging is green and can be recycled, meeting the requirements of ecological balance and environmental protection. According to the regulations, DSD enterprise members will obtain the right to use the "green dot" packaging recycling mark after paying a certain royalty to the DSD organization. The DSD organization is responsible for collecting packaging waste, cleaning, sorting and recycling with the fees paid by its members. Enterprises that do not participate in the organization recycle and dispose of packaging materials by themselves in accordance with the circular economy law and waste law promulgated in 1996. The prerequisite for the smooth implementation of the "green dot system" and the recycling of packaging is waste classification. Take the living community as an example. There are unified garbage cans in front of each apartment building. The black ones are used exclusively for domestic garbage, such as leftovers; Green biological waste, such as fallen leaves and branches; Yellow belongs to the DSD packaging recycling organization, which can store three types of substances: the first type is paper packaging, such as newspapers and magazines, paper boxes, etc; The second category is light packaging, such as plastic; The third category is glass bottles. In addition, there is a "green dot packaging recycle bin" with more complete classification in each community, where the glass bottle garbage cans are divided into white, green, brown, mottled, etc. In Germany, you have to pay for taking out household garbage. However, since the packaging materials have been paid by the members of DSD enterprises, there is no need to pay for them, and professionals also regularly come to collect the packaging materials. If the consumer does not classify the packaging waste, the number of times to clean the garbage can will increase, and the consumer will have to pay more garbage cleaning fees. This is a powerful measure of the "green dot system" to encourage consumers to recycle packaging materials. These packaging materials are recycled by the DSD organization and transported to the special packaging processing station under the organization. Through a special process as a supplier of modified plastics, packaging materials can be recycled to the maximum extent. The remaining waste is used for power generation or as building materials and paving materials. According to the data of the German federal environmental protection agency, the recycling of packaging materials in Germany reached 6million tons in 2003. The effective implementation of the "green dot system" has continuously improved the recycling rate of packaging materials in Germany, from 13.6% in 1990 to 80% in 2002. The recycling capacity of product packaging is also continuously strengthened. The recycling rate of glass is 90%, that of paper packaging is 60%, and that of light material packaging is 50%. The recycling rate of packaging in Germany is far higher than that in other European and American countries. Secondly, because the use fee of the green dot logo is linked to the amount of packaging materials, the product price is directly related to the market competitiveness of enterprises. This forces the production enterprises to try their best to simplify the product packaging and facilitate the recycling and recycling of packaging materials from the source, instead of passing on the royalties of the green dot logo to consumers. This is the reason why the commodity economy is becoming more and more developed, but the growth rate of enterprise product packaging consumption is slowing down. In view of the successful implementation of "BASF mainly launched mastertop and ucrete series product green dot system" in Germany, France, Britain, Belgium and other 19 European countries also began to implement the "green dot system" after 1995. In 1996, the EU packaging recycling organization was established in Brussels. At present, there are about 95000 enterprise members, and 46billion packages are recycled every year
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